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左右夹击

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发表于 2016-12-7 18:38:59 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 rixiao123 于 2016-12-7 19:35 编辑

参见《象棋精妙实用残局》第121页“左右夹击”局
微信群里有棋友发来"黄巢赋菊"棋势,要求写杀法点评
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余日晓点评:该局是双炮馬相攻单車士的残局。其取胜谋略:先运炮至九路来解脱烈馬缰绳叫将軍,黑将如顺手牵羊毁掉红炮逃归皇宫坐上龙椅的话,那大帅镇守四路来发令神馬以退为进攻,边炮有视死如归地进入虎口来困住大将且牵制黑車,若黑方毁掉大炮,那骏馬卧槽后干掉黑車,成单馬必胜孤士的实用残棋。若黑方想拖延战机而累死馬炮的话,那红方使出馬后炮杀掉老将。如黑将摸到龙椅却不敢坐而往城外逃时,虽然有黑車来保驾,但馬借炮威、炮借馬架,可令黑車身顶城门而壮烈殉国的。红方首着走后炮五平九有骏馬脱繮叫将军,黑将知道坐龙椅是黄梁一梦,就往外逃到三顶公位置,因有空头炮急需炮台而把城内红衣大炮运到八路,欲构成重炮杀,黑方如把3路車调到1路来解救,那红方仍有发重炮杀而引黑車落入陷阱,会被神馬凌空铁蹄扫死的,黑方只好弃城而投降的。另有红方八路炮运到右翼有馬后炮之催杀,则出现神馬有四蹄騰飞而产生杀气把黑車吹走无影无踪了。如黑方运車叫将軍,老将移中避灾,那红方重炮护神馬,以退馬叫将軍,老将有龙椅不敢坐,龙袍藏箱底,只顾逃命,大帅运筹帷幄移中镇守,黑士来扶持老将,那八路退炮有馬后炮杀棋,可令黑車3平4来化解。接着神馬六进八,逼老将退回老巢,红帅发令又布重炮阵终擒老将。局中按双方棋力来说,一低头車只抵双炮或馬炮相等,如今双炮馬已攻入城楼,又有大帅亲自击鼓助陣,黑方藩蓠尽毁,老将逃难在外,黑車怎生抵挡!红帅有勇有谋,令双炮馬步步生莲,真是妙着叠出,奇趣横生。
 楼主| 发表于 2016-12-7 18:43:25 | 显示全部楼层
附有“一车十子寒”风采  参见《象棋术语图说》屠景明著第128页
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(卒未渡河相联,红方胜定)
发表于 2016-12-7 21:43:03 | 显示全部楼层
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[DhtmlXQ_result]红胜[/DhtmlXQ_result]
[DhtmlXQ_remark]金启昌、李中健[/DhtmlXQ_remark]
[DhtmlXQ_author]狼牙山人[/DhtmlXQ_author]
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[DhtmlXQ_oldowner]东亚朱家[/DhtmlXQ_oldowner]
[DhtmlXQ_comment8]至此,黑将被禁,用车吃炮,则成||马胜单士的残局。[/DhtmlXQ_comment8]
[DhtmlXQ_comment11]红胜。[/DhtmlXQ_comment11]
[DhtmlXQ_comment1_21]红胜。[/DhtmlXQ_comment1_21]
[DhtmlXQ_comment2_15]构成双炮马连杀。[/DhtmlXQ_comment2_15]
[DhtmlXQ_comment3_15]构成双炮马连杀。[/DhtmlXQ_comment3_15]
[DhtmlXQ_comment4_9]红方得车胜。[/DhtmlXQ_comment4_9]
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 楼主| 发表于 2016-12-8 19:11:16 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2016-12-9 10:29:58 | 显示全部楼层
红方首着走后炮五平九有骏馬脱繮叫将军,黑将知道坐龙椅是黄梁一梦,就往外逃到三顶公位置,因有空头炮急需炮台而把城内红衣大炮运到八路,欲构成重炮杀,黑方如把3路車调到1路来解救,那红方仍有发重炮杀而引黑車落入陷阱,会被神馬凌空铁蹄扫死的,黑方只好弃城而投降的。
 楼主| 发表于 2016-12-9 18:27:31 | 显示全部楼层
象棋谚语摘录:运子攻防,車类,输車只因出車迟、一車十子寒、得势宁可弃車、車不落险地、低头車,阵式虚、单車欲保剑,不能一条线、单車难破士象全、車正永无沉底月。馬类,馬不躁进、馬有八面威风、一馬换双象,其势必英雄、馬退窝心,不死也昏、馬跳边,易被歼、馬怕別腿、馬不落角隅、双炮一条绳,残棋馬胜炮、独馬踩无棋。炮类,炮勿轻发,开局时,炮不换馬、丝线拴牛、炮头空,恶又凶、炮进冷巷,难兴风浪、孤炮难鸣、有炮需留对方士、残棋炮归家。卒类,中卒守将门,无事莫轻进、无“叫将”不食中宫卒、卒进不惜身、弃卒开僵局、小卒过河当大車、一卒之微,全局攸关、卒坐宫心,老帅发昏、棋多双卒易胜、一卒功成见太平、老卒无功。象类,象眼谨防塞、臭棋乱飞象、缺象惧炮攻、象棋象棋,无象无棋。士类,无事不支士、支起羊角士,不怕马来将,背士将,忌炮攻、支错士,自找事、缺士怕双車、士亏应兑車。将类,无事不动将、老将出馬,一个顶俩、将忌暴露、高将多危、太师坐椅、将軍大脱袍。双子配合,車结“霸王”,铁壁铜墙、双馬如绞刀,看你往哪逃、连环馬气死单車、中路攻坚靠叠炮、一杯不醉两杯醉、二鬼拍门、車心馬角,神仙难救、車馬冷着、单車孤炮不成棋、翻江轱辘炮,恰是把葱剥、海底捞月、馬后炮,把命要、卒坐宮心馬一绕,将帅发呆死期到、门东户西,守和之规。多子配合,三車闹士,神仙难治、三仙炼丹,九宫掀翻、三象三士,可成和势、三子归边,将帅喊天、大刀剜心,老将抽筋、插上铁门闩,老帅受熬煎、天地炮响,神兵难挡。审时度势,弈战心理,谋定而后动、临杀勿急、死子不急吃、得先时且忌着忙、欲速不达、棋优不顾家、好比睁眼瞎、强胜易负、欺着莫走、当断不断,反受其乱、下棋最忌随手。战略规划,开局务要抢先、善战者求势、欲弃子攻杀,须全局筹划、先固己,再攻人、重守怯攻,智者不为、我势弱,勿轻进、彼强击帅、我弱求和、劣势不妨搏杀、宁失子,不失先、得子失先非上策。战术运用,调虎离山、围魏救赵、声东击西、暗渡陈仓、金蝉脱壳、釜底抽薪、避实击虚、兵贵神速、擒贼擒王、勇者致胜、善出奇兵、巧用等着、妙使顿挫、双重威胁、借势谋子、弃小图大、顺水推舟。把握全局,积小胜为大胜、恋子莫如弃之、胜棋不闹事、两利相权力就其重、两害相衡择其轻。前車之鉴,棋错一着,满盘皆输、真假先手,辨清再走、骄兵必中计、良机稍纵即逝、授人以柄,后悔无及、输棋只因次序错、棋忌只看一角、莫放虎出笼、不贪饵兵、失先弃子却无成、贪攻忘危棋势溃、恋战必酿祸、入局勿贪、当局者迷。
 楼主| 发表于 2016-12-14 20:57:52 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 rixiao123 于 2016-12-22 12:46 编辑

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余日晓点评:该局红兵已是小鬼坐龙庭了,红車一叫将軍就可以获胜,可是黑方有車护炮而长拦,保将高枕无忧,而且二个边卒只待号令就冲锋过河,胜利在望。当大帅得知軍情出现危机时,立刻发令调車叫将軍且藏大帅身后,由大帅牵制黑炮且拉满弯弓随时射神箭(帅有对面笑杀),红車脱身后有驰骋疆场与勇兵联手攻击敌巢,黑将成为瓮中之鳖了
 楼主| 发表于 2016-12-17 21:06:27 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 rixiao123 于 2016-12-22 12:44 编辑

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余日晓点评:“海底捞月”杀法是常见于黑方秃将时,有单車护驾,才应用到该杀法。但是本局有双士保驾,弈者一般意想不到的。当弈者排演过后,才恍然大悟说,原来如此也可以运用“海底捞月”杀法啊。所以,学棋者不可拘束一格,要融会贯通,灵活运用。
发表于 2016-12-17 22:02:34 | 显示全部楼层
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发表于 2016-12-17 23:40:25 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2016-12-21 19:18:39 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 rixiao123 于 2016-12-22 12:46 编辑

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余日晓点评:该局红方有仕护驾,已无后顾之忧,車兵大胆进攻黒方,调車来牵制双象,运兵阻塞破坏连环象,以后用車逐步白吃双象,接着勇兵换取双士成了单車必胜双卒的实用残局。
 楼主| 发表于 2016-12-21 19:22:38 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 rixiao123 于 2016-12-22 12:44 编辑

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余日晓点评:该局中勇兵已攻入楚宫,困住黑将,但是河头红車却被炮双車拦守,一时未能与红兵配合擒将,想赢棋,真是有点茫然。古人云,学棋最高境界是运用士象、将帅。局中红相配合进攻起着非常作用,红帅亮剑(对面笑杀),红車左冲右突有如段誉凌空微步,冲入百万大軍之中擒住契丹大王。其红方进攻思路确实是精彩之极,令人惊叹!
 楼主| 发表于 2016-12-21 19:35:31 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2016-12-21 19:36:44 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2016-12-22 21:13:37 | 显示全部楼层
齐心协力  余日晓拟局伴注
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点评:首着边兵冲锋过河吃卒催馬,守住此岗位,如黑馬换取七路兵,则形成双高兵炮仕相全必胜士象全的实用残局。如飞象吃炮会有丢馬失象,则形成三高兵必胜单缺象的实用残棋。黑方河头馬既无退路又不敢换取红兵,那只能跳边了,红方有落边相钩馬脚,又有退炮至河头驻兵前而防止黑馬1进3,又退5而逃脱,如黑馬换炮,则形成三高兵必胜士象全的实用残局。接着等待仕相归位后,布成连环相支羊角仕且有七路原位兵形成包围圈,立即运炮轰赶黑馬进入铁笼内,过河双兵炮调运成六路线上,左翼低兵占领象眼,运高兵至四路有帅助威而攻击,配上红中炮轰炸敌巢。黑馬陷外域,无法驰归救驾,黑方无奈之下签城下之盟了。
 楼主| 发表于 2016-12-27 19:39:09 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 rixiao123 于 2016-12-27 19:54 编辑

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余日晓点评 :该局低中兵巧胜双象的实用残棋。红帅已镇守中路,六路兵已进入楚宫,这意味着黑将已动弹不得了,黑中象为了护驾,也不敢随意起飞了,只有河头象可走动,恰好被三路兵捕捉吃掉了,黑方无棋走闲着而致败的。大将应该在战场上牺牲,显得有霸气,如今却在阴沟里翻船,真是气死黑将也(若象在异侧,则和)
 楼主| 发表于 2016-12-30 12:21:58 | 显示全部楼层
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余日晓点评: 笔者在象棋排局连照一子杀体裁里,有匠心独运地拟设河头红双炮杀法 。有诗作证:巡河双炮令,黑将借局霸道扬,自食其果是正常。贪恋慌张移铁卒,错漏速胜臭棋扬。
 楼主| 发表于 2016-12-31 20:42:54 | 显示全部楼层
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[DhtmlXQ_comment0]  鹤啸九天 红先胜  余日晓[/DhtmlXQ_comment0]
[DhtmlXQ_comment109]红胜,补注:在连照一子杀这种体裁中,铁卒!双炮令!还有孤兵二平三猛扑杀将时,黑方竟走出车7退5解杀妙棋。这是2003年8月份,笔者在棋史上匠心独运的象棋排局创作。有诗作证:巡河双炮令,黑将借局霸道扬,自食其果是正常。贪恋慌张移铁卒,错漏速胜臭棋扬。[/DhtmlXQ_comment109]
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 楼主| 发表于 2017-1-11 20:27:15 | 显示全部楼层

转载《象群之铭》
        象群者,以棋会友,以诚待友,以实交友。棋友相聚,本于缘,增于份。无远近之分,无贵贱之别。君子相交,清淡如水,馨香若茶。不以位尊而趋附,不以位卑而疏远。棋友之交,习之以长。正所谓,尺有所短,寸有所长。大凡棋友,见闲思棋,从善如流,求同存异。不以异见而憎,不以特性而恶。海纳百川,有容乃大。君子也,同道而谋之,非同道而习之。察纳雅言,咨诹善道。君子也,非同类而同性。以水为师,效其澹泊;以竹为友,慕其虚怀。故近朱则赤,近墨则黑。与君子交,如梅如兰如竹如菊。
       今之象群,藏龙蛟,卧虎豹,栖凤鸾,遨鲲鹏。棋才济济,才华耀庭。故言有雅俗,音有宫商,不为奇也。群之大,不过森林一叶。人之大,不过沧海一粟。故,棋人以谦卑为怀,方能成其大;以厚德为基,方能载其物。新年伊始,祝群吉祥,兴旺发达,棋友们棋艺更上一层楼!
 楼主| 发表于 2017-5-29 20:17:03 | 显示全部楼层
象棋早教:红帥本领最大,坐在皇宫里,指挥千军万马,当出现军情危急时,会出来参战的,有双象双士掩护着。大帥左手持令旗,右手握着腰刀,背着神箭弓,有百歩穿杨之神技。所以大帅若占中路线,则称霸,威震敌胆。大帅精通十八武艺,肉搏战亦称绝顶高手,威风凛凛的。士是皇帝贴身保镖,皇宫内禁卫軍,棋盘上按米字形上下步伐,书法中米字撇捺刚挺有力,棋盘上双士是保护大帅最后一道防守线,忠心护主,还可以吃、拦作用。象是按田字飞行的,中心点是象眼,阻塞了则不准飞行。如同人蒙上双眼,还敢跑步吗。象是宰相,保护皇帝,可以保护其他車馬炮兵,可以吃敌子,也可以拦敌侵入的。常言道,三步不出車,必定会输。这叫儿童如何理解与运用車呢?譬如说,街上有大人与小孩正要打架,问,谁会赢?估计会答,大人赢。为什么?因为大人力量大,小孩力量小呗。于是说,兵卒力量很小,其参战杀伤力小,車力量强大,具有很大杀伤力。所以要尽快出动車。馬是斜日跳跃,称八面威风,意思说,全方位的,360角度踩到的,如用长绳拦马脚放近点好,还是放远点好?炮有三大作用:轰、拦、塞。儿童学棋只运用轰炸,一般不会用炮拦敌,更不知炮有阻塞作用。兵卒力量微小,听从帅令,勇向前进攻,过河后,可以横移而攻击敌将,一旦出现后退成逃兵,那就当场抢毙的,绝不手下留情的,所以棋规中不准兵卒后退的。接下来教孩子象棋杀法基本功,以后陪孩子练棋,让車马炮5先而布成中炮盘头连环马,冲中兵形势强大攻势,运用双車同心协力地联手狂疯强抢疆土。其次让車马炮,随着棋力提高,可以让双象双士(破解方法:固守中路,打通一九路而尽快开出双車攻击秃将),接下来可以让双马了。如对孩子直接教顺炮、列炮、过宫炮、五六炮、五七炮、飞相、仙人指路等等,真是眼花缭乱,而且双方子力均势,教练陪孩子们练棋有如纤夫拉船,学习起来有浪费时间感觉——说孩子提高棋力缓慢。好强争胜是小孩具有天性,如此弈法会令孩子棋力快速成长,因为有棋趣而产生痴迷,勤奋成就天才。余日晓写于20170529
 楼主| 发表于 2017-6-26 12:42:32 | 显示全部楼层
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 楼主| 发表于 2017-9-12 15:09:22 | 显示全部楼层
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余日晓评语:下棋以擒住帅将为目的。所以弈者应眼观六路,常常担忧少帅安危,同时,时时有擒住老将归来之愿望,不应有坐井观天,只顾眼前利益,忘记全局观念而招来失势,导致输棋。该局红方运用铁门栓,帅助兵勇之催杀,逼黑車退回护驾,当少帅攻城无计而徘徊之时,军师挺身而出拦車,指挥炮归坐龙椅(残棋炮归家),实施二鬼拍门计划,于是出现小鬼坐龙庭时,少帅发令炮仕轰炸敌巢,可怜老将一命呜呼了。
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